The history of Explosive is also a history of Chemistry.
The ancient Chinese(about 10th century) invented the black gunpowder and used it in the war as bombs and cannons.The “TNT” in MineCraft is just a gunpowder box with six paper sides.
You can design its recipe as shapeless craft.Costing 1 sulfur powder,2 KNO3 powders and 3 carbon(or charcoal) powders.
Ammonium nitrate(NH4NO3) was first prepared in 1659.It is used as explosive.It also be known as charge of firecrackers in China several years ago.The mechanism of explosion is:
It is also used in the early preparation of laughing gas(N2O).
If you don’t want to get a large inflated gas,you should heat it carefully.
The Mercury fulminate(Hg(ONC)2) was invented in 1799.And it was used as Primer in 1814.Also,it is the first one.It can be prepared by the reaction of mercury nitrate(Hg(NO3)2) with ethanol in excess nitric acid.Just in mixer or chemical reactor.
You can add pinch of this powder in GT6’s recipes of detonators.
The glycerol trinitrate was invented in 1846 Then Nobel improved the Nitroglycerin(Glycerol trinitrate) in 1862.It works well in bullet as one part of smokeless gunpowder(1884).From then on,the modern rifles are widely used.Also it is used in mines as Explosive which GT6 have added it.It needs 1 mol glycerol and 3 mol nitric acid.Be careful!You need to complete reaction in cooling environment if you don’t want to fly in the sky.
And TNT(2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene) was invented in 1863.We need 1 mol toluene,3 mol nitric acid and acidic environment.In GT5u,we use these materials(Gelled toluene,sulfuric acid and nitric acid) to make TNT in chemical reactors.It is so useful in bomb and other explosives.And it is so stable that even happen nothing when a bullet shot it.
The Hexagon(1,3,5-Trinitro-1,3,5-triazinaneit,also cyclonite or RDX) was discovered in 1899.It is mainly used in mIlitary and can be used in modern bullet or shells as Launch Charge or warheads of missiles.But its most famous usage is C-4 bomb.It needs Urotropine and fuming nitric acid.Just mix them together(maybe mixer or reactor,I’m not sure) and crystallize it,then filtrate it out.
HMX(1,3,5,7-Tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocane,also octogen) is a explosive that beyond RDX and it was discovered and separated in 1941.It may be produced by nitration of hexamine in the presence of acetic anhydride, paraformaldehyde and ammonium nitrate.It seems a complex reaction that a improved reactor is needed.Also making it become expensive.So it is mainly used in warheads of missiles and anti-tank weapons.Because they need a small but powerful explosive.
Octanitrocubane(ONC) is a future explosive that is thought to have 20–25% greater performance than HMX.It was discovered in 1999.Its synthesis is so long and difficult that you need to master Organic Chemistry skilfully.So it is difficult to add recipe in current GT6’s machine system.
But the most powerful explosive is here(maybe).In 2017,The Nanjing University of Science and Technology(南京理工大学) have successfully synthetise the Total Nitrogen Anionic Salt.The explosive energy of this material may be 3-10 times that of TNT explosive.The results were published in the Journal Science.Its decomposition temperature is 116.8 ℃.And materials are m-CPBA,[Fe(Gly)2],and so on.(I want to add a link to its page,but I can’t do it now because my bad network or browser)It may be a good explosive in the future,and its recipe maybe simple and easy to add in GT6’s machine or system.
Whether in GT6 or Greg’s independent game,these explosive are so dangerous in server if they can come true one day by official or players’ mod.So a config about explosive is necessary.
Also,@MR.CHEN,I’m curious if you’re a chemistry student at a university.